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Spread over cliffs on Brazil’s central-eastern coastline, Salvador (officially Salvador de Bahia) is a city with a magnificent setting combined with an exciting, energetic atmosphere. Explore a picture-perfect historic center, visit eclectic art galleries, relax at beach suburbs and be part of flamboyant festivals. Founded by the Portuguese in 1549, Salvador was Brazil’s capital for over 200 years. Today, it’s the spiritual home of the country’s Afro-Brazilian culture.

Start your visit in the UNESCO-protected Historic Center, which is laden with colorful colonial mansions and African and Amerindian-influenced architecture. At its heart is Pelourinho, a district dominated by 17th- and 18th-century churches. Among these are Our Lady of the Rosary of Black People and São Francisco Church and Convent of Salvador


The climate in Salvador is warm, oppressive, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 72°F to 88°F and is rarely below 68°F or above 91°F.

Salvador has a tropical rainforest climate, characterized by a drier and a rainy season. Summer (December – March) is pleasantly warm, with occasional heavy rains tempering the temperature. Because of the constant sea breeze, the high humidity is more acceptable in Salvador than further inland. There is no real cold in the city: the lowest temperature ever recorded is 13.3 degrees Celsius (55.9°F).


Brazil is the fifth most-populous country on Earth and accounts for one-third of Latin America’s population. Most of the inhabitants of Brazil are concentrated along the eastern seaboard, although its capital, Brasília, is located far inland and increasing numbers of migrants are moving to the interior. Rio de Janeiro, in the eyes of many of the world, continues to be the preeminent icon of Brazil. The nation’s burgeoning cities, huge hydroelectric and industrial complexes, mines, and fertile farmlands make it one of the world’s major economies. 

Brazil is unique in the Americas because, following independence from Portugal, it did not fragment into separate countries as did British and Spanish possessions in the region; rather, it retained its identity through the intervening centuries and a variety of forms of government. Because of that hegemony, the Portuguese language is universal except among Brazil’s native Indians, especially those in the more-remote reaches of the Amazon basin. At the turn of the 21st century, Brazilians marked the 500th anniversary of Portuguese contact with a mixture of public celebration and deprecation.




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